There is an abundance of published research about the field of neonatal intensive care (NICU) music therapy. Multiple articles have been reviewed right here, on the COMT blog. In May, I attended the clinical fieldwork portion of the National Institute for Infant & Child Medical Music Therapy at Norton Women’s and Children’s Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky. Over the course of two days, I got hands-on experience implementing music therapy interventions on the most fragile humans, premature infants or infants born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (when a baby is withdrawing from drug exposure in the womb). Months before these clinical hours in the hospital, I attended the lecture portion of the Institute, in Dallas, Texas, hearing from clinicians who have been working in this population for decades, including Jayne Standley, distinguished researcher and creator of the PAL (Pacifier Activated Lullaby) system, Darcy Walworth, author and creator of the Bright Start Music program and Michael Detmer, NICU researcher and adjunct faculty professor at the University of Louisville.